Names Of Allah
Blessing of Ramadan
Power Of Friday Prayer
Palestina Palestine History
Islamic Coloring Book
Learn How To Pray Salat
The five pillars of Islam are
Watch Arabic News
Watch Peace Tv Live
Watch Quran Tv Live
World's Largest Mosque Masjid
Surah Ayat Revealed Sequence
Random Quranic Supplications
Suhayl Ibn Amr sahaba stories biography, sahabah, sahaabah, companion of prophet muhammad saw, sahabi, sahabi's
|Suhayl Ibn Amr R.A Sahaba
At the Battle of Badr, when Suhayl fell into the hands of the Muslims as a prisoner, Umar ibn al-Khattab
came up to the Prophet and said: "Messenger of God! Let me pull out the two middle incisors of Suhayl
ibn Amr so that he would not stand up and be able to speak out against you after this day."
"Certainly not, Umar," cautioned the Prophet. "I would not mutilate anyone lest God mutilate me even
though I am a Prophet." And calling Umar closer to him, the blessed Prophet said:
"Umar, perhaps Suhayl will do something in the future which will please you."
Suhayl ibn Amr was a prominent person among the Quraysh. He was clever and articulate and his
opinion carried weight among his people. He was known as the khatib or spokesman and orator of the
Quraysh. He was to play a major role in concluding the famous truce of Hudaybiyyah.
Towards the end of the sixth year after the Hijrah, the Prophet and about fifteen hundred of his Sahabah
left Madinah for Makkah to perform Umrah. To make it known that they were coming in peace, the
Muslims were not armed for battle and carried only their travellers swords. They also took with them
animals for sacrifice to let it be known that they were really coming on pilgrimage.
The Quraysh learnt of their approach and immediately prepared to do battle with them. They vowed to
themselves that they would never allow the Muslims to enter Makkah. Khalid ibn al-Walid was
despatched at the head of a Quraysh cavalry force to cut off the approaching Muslims. Khalids army
stood waiting for them at a place called Kara al-Ghamim.
The Prophet learnt in advance of Khalid's position. Although committed to the struggle against them, he
was keen not to have any encounter then with the Quraysh forces. He asked: "Is there any man who
could take us (to Makkah) on a different route to avoid the Quraysh?"
A man from the Aslam tribe said he could and took the Muslims through the difficult terrain of Warah
and then on fairly easy marches, finally approaching Makkah from the south. Khalid realized what the
Muslims had done and returned frustrated to Makkah.
The Prophet camped near Hudaybiyyah and indicated that if the Quraysh would give any hint of a truce
out of veneration for the sacred time and place, he would respond. The Quraysh sent Badil ibn Warqa
with a group of men from the Khuzaah tribe to find out why the Muslims had come. Badil met the
Prophet and when he returned to the Quraysh and informed them of the peaceful intentions of the
Prophet and his companions, they did not believe him because they said he was from the Khuzaah who
were allies of Muhammad. "Does Muhammad intend," they asked, "to come upon us with his soldiers
(in the guise of) performing Umrah? The Arabs would hear that he moved against us and entered
Makkah by force white a state of war existed between us. By God this will never happen with our
The Quraysh then sent Halis ibn Alqamah, the chieftain of the Ahabish who were allies of the Quraysh.
When the Prophet, peace be on him, saw Halis he said, "This man is from a people who think greatly of
animal sacrifice. Drive the sacrificial animals in full view of him so that he can see them. This was done
and Halis was greeted by the Muslims chanting the talbiyyah: "Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk." On his
return, Halis exclaimed: "Subhana Allah - Glory be to God. These people should not be prevented from
entering Makkah. Can lepers and donkeys perform the Hajj while the son of alMuttaIib (Muhammad) be
prevented from (visiting) the House of God? By the Lord of the Kabah, may the Quraysh be destroyed.
These people have come to perform Umrah."
When the Quraysh heard these words, they scoffed at him: "Sit down! You are only a nomad Arab. You
have no knowledge of plots and intrigues."
Urwah ibn Masud, the Thaqafi chieftain from Tail, was then sent out to assess the situation. He said to
the Prophet: "O Muhammad! You have gathered all these people and have come back to your birthplace.
The Quraysh have come out and pledged to God that you would not enter Makkah against them by
force. By God, all these people might well desert you." At that Abu Bakr went up to Urwah and said
with disdain: "We desert him (Muhammad)? Woe to you."
As Urwah was speaking, he touched the Prophet's
beard and Mughirah ibn Shubah rapped his hand saying, "Take away your hand," and Urwah retorted:
"Woe to you! How crude and coarse you are." The Prophet smiled. "Who is this man, O Muhammad?"
asked Urwah. "This is your cousin, Al-Mughirah ibn Shubah." "What perfidy!" Urwah hissed at Al-
Mughirah and continued to insult him.
Urwah then surveyed the companions of the Prophet. He saw that whenever he gave them an order, they
hastened to carry it out. When he made ablutions they vied with one another to help him. When they
spoke in his presence, they lowered their voices, and they did not look him in the eye out of respect for
Back with the Quraysh, Urwah showed that he was obviously impressed: "By God, O people of the
Quraysh, I have been to Chosroes in his kingdom and I have seen Caesar the Byzantine emperor in the
plenitude of his power, but never have I seen a king among his people like Muhammad among his
companions. I have seen a people who would not abandon him for anything. Reconsider your position.
He is presenting you with right guidance. Accept what he has presented to you. I advise you sincerely...
I fear that you will never gain victory over him."
"Don't speak like that," said the Quraysh. "We will have him go back this year and he can return in the
future." Meanwhile, the Prophet summoned Uthman ibn Affan and sent him to the Quraysh leaders to
inform them of his purpose in coming to Makkah and to ask their permission for the MusIims to visit
their relatives. Uthman was also to cheer up the Mustadafin among the Muslims who still lived in
Makkah and inform them that liberation would not be long in coming...
Uthman delivered the Prophet's message to the Quraysh and they repeated their determination not to
allow the Prophet to enter Makkah. They suggested that Uthman could make tawaf around the Kabah
but he replied that he would not make tawaf while the Messenger of God was prevented from doing so.
They then took Uthman into custody and a rumor spread that he was killed. When the Prophet heard
this, his attitude changed.
"We shall not depart," he said, "until we fight." He summoned the Muslims to take bayah, an oath of
allegiance, to fight. The herald cried out: "O people, al-bayah, al-bayah." They flocked to the Prophet as
he sat under a tree and swore allegiance to him that they would fight. Soon after however, the Prophet
ascertained that the rumor was false.
It was at this point that the Quraysh sent Suhayl ibn Amr to the Messenger of God with the brief to
negotiate and persuade the Prophet to return to Madinah without entering Makkah. Suhayl was chosen
no doubt because of his persuasiveness, his toughness and his alertness major qualities of a good
negotiator. When the Prophet saw Suhayl approaching, he immediately guessed the change in the
position of the Quraysh. "The people want reconciliation. That's why they have sent this man."
The talks between the Prophet and Suhayl continued for long until finally agreement was reached in
principle. Umar and others were very upset with the terms of the agreement which they considered to be
harmful to the cause of Islam and a defeat for the Muslims. The Prophet assured them that this was not
the case and that he would never go against the command of God and that God would not neglect him.
He then called Ali ibn Abi Talib to write down the terms of the treaty: "Write: Bismillahi-r Rahmani-r
Rahim." "I don't know this (phrase)", interjected Suhayl. "Write instead 'Bismika Allahumma - In Your
name, O Allah."
The Prophet conceded and instructed Ali to write 'Bismika Allahumma.' He then said: "Write: 'This is
what has been agreed between Muhammad the Messenger of God and Suhayl ibn Amr..." Suhayl
objected: "If I had testified that you were indeed the Messenger of God, I would not be fighting you.
Write instead you name and the name of your father." So the Prophet again conceded this and instructed
Ali to write: 'This is what has been agreed upon by Muhammad the son of Abdullah and Suhayl ibn
Amr. They have agreed to suspend war for ten years in which people would enjoy security and would
refrain from (harming) one another. Also, that whoever from among the Quraysh should come to
Muhammad without the permission of his wali (legal guardian), Muhammad would send him back to
them and that if any who is with Muhammad should come to the Quraysh, they would not send him
back to him.
Suhayl had managed to save the Makkans face. He had attempted to and got as much as possible for the
Quraysh in the negotiations. Of course he was assisted in this by the noble tolerance of the Prophet.
Two years of the Hudaybiyyah treaty elapsed during which the Muslims enjoyed a respite from the
Quraysh and were freed to concentrate on other matters. In the eighth year after the Hijrah however the
Quraysh broke the terms of the treaty by supporting the Banu Bakr in a bloody aggression against the
Khuzaah who had chosen to be allies of the Prophet.
The Prophet took the opportunity to march on Makkah but his object was not revenge. Ten thousand
Muslims converged on Makkah reaching there in the month of Ramadan. The Quraysh realized that
there was no hope of resisting let alone of defeating the Muslim forces. They were completely at the
mercy of the Prophet. What was to be their fate, they who had harried and persecuted the Muslims,
tortured and boycotted them, driven them out of their hearths and homes, stirred up others against them,
made war on them?
The city surrendered to the Prophet. He received the leaders of the Quraysh in a spirit of tolerance and
magnanimity. In a voice full of compassion and tenderness he asked: "O people of the Quraysh! What
do you think I will do with you?" Thereupon, the adversary of Islam of yesterday, Suhayl ibn Amr,
replied: "We think (you will treat us) well, noble brother, son of a noble brother. ". "A radiant smile
flashed across the lips of the beloved of God as he said: "Idhhabu... wa antum at-tulaqaa. Go, for you are
At this moment of unsurpassed compassion, nobility and greatness, all the emotions of Suhayl ibn Amr
were shaken and he announced his Islam or submission to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. His
acceptance of Islam at that particular time was not the Islam of a defeated man passively giving himself
up to his fate. It was instead, as his later life was to demonstrate, the Islam of a man whom the greatness
of Muhammad and the greatness of the religion he proclaimed had captivated.
Those who became Muslims on the day Makkah was liberated were given the name "At-Tulaqaa" or the
free ones. They realized how fortunate they were and many dedicated themselves in sincere worship and
sacrifice to the service of the religion which they had resisted for years. Among the most prominent of
these was Suhayl ibn Amr.
Islam moulded him anew. Ali his earlier talents were now burnished to a fine excellence. To these he
added new talents and placed them all in the service of truth, goodness and faith. The qualities and
practices for which he became known can be described in a few words: kindness, generosity, frequent
Salat, fasting, recitation of the Quran, weeping for the fear of God. This was the greatness of Suhayl. In
spite of his late acceptance of Islam, he was transformed into a selfless worshipper and a fighting fidai in
the path of God.
When the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, passed away, the news quickly reached
Makkah, where Suhayl was still resident. The Muslims were plunged into a state of confusion and
dismay just as in Madinah. In Madinah, Abu Bakr, may God be pleased with him, quelled the confusion
with his decisive words: "Whoever worships Muhammad, Muhammad is dead. And whoever worships
Allah, Allah is indeed Living and will never die."
In Makkah Suhayl performed the same role in dispelling the vain ideas some Muslims may have had and
directing them to the eternal truths of Islam. He called the Muslims together and in his brilliant and
salutary style, he affirmed to them that Muhammad was indeed the Messenger of Allah and that he did
not die until he had discharged his trust and propagated the message and that it was the duty of all
believers after his death to apply themselves assiduously to following his example and way of life.
On this day more than others, the prophetic words of the Messenger shone forth. Did not the Prophet say
to Umar when the latter sought permission to pull out Suhayls teeth at Badr: "Leave them, for one day
perhaps they would bring you joy"?
When the news of Suhayl's stand in Makkah reached the Muslims of Madinah and they heard of his
persuasive speech strengthening the faith in the hearts of the believers, Umar ibn al-Khattab
remembered the words of the Prophet. The day had come when Islam benefitted from the two middle
incisors of Suhayl which Umar had wanted to pull out.
When Suhayl became a Muslim he made a vow to himself which could be summarized in these words:
to exert himself and spend in the cause of Islam at least in the same measure as he had done for the
mushrikin. With the mushrikin, he had spent long hours before their idols. Now he stood for long
periods with the believers in the presence of the one and only God, praying and fasting.
Before he had stood by the mushrikin and participated in many acts of aggression and war against Islam.
Now he took his place in the ranks of the Muslim army, fighting courageously, pitting himself against
the fire of Persia and the injustice and oppression of the Byzantine empire.
In this spirit he left for Syria with the Muslim armies and participated in the Battle of Yarmuk against
the Byzantines, a battle that was singularly ferocious in its intensity.
Suhayl was someone who loved his birthplace dearly. In spite of that, he refused to return to Makkah
after the victory of the MusIims in Syria. He said: "I heard the Messenger of God, peace be on him, say:
'The going forth of anyone of you in the path of God for an hour is better for him than his life's works in
his household.' "He vowed: "I shall be a murabit in the path of God till I die and I shall not return to
For the rest of his life, Suhayl remained true to his pledge. He died in Palestine in the small village of
'Amawas near Jerusalem.
< Back To List Of Sahaba,Sahabi Names